Health literacy and health-promoting behaviors status among employees in Hamadan
Hormozgan Medical Journal: June 30, 2018, 22 (2); e87230
July 28, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
March 16, 2018
July 28, 2018
S , Rezapur-Shahkolai
F , Taheri-Kharameh
Z , Moeini
B , Bandehelahi
K . Health literacy and health-promoting behaviors status among employees in Hamadan,
Hormozgan Med J.
Introduction: Health literacy is considered one of the main determinants of healthpromoting
behaviors. The aim of this study was to determine the health literacy of
employees of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences and its relation with health
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. By stratified sampling,
the study recruited 188 employees of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences from
seven colleges. Ttwo self-administered questionnaires, namely, the Health Literacy for
Iranian Adults (HELIA) and the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II.) were
used for data gathering the data were analyzed through descriptive statistics for
describing data and to assess the relationship between variables multivariate linear
regressions was used. In all the tests, P-value<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The employees had a mean age of 36.84 years (SD = 6.32). The majority of the
participants were female (71%), and most acquire information related to health via the
Internet (74.5%). Moreover, results showed a significant relationship between health
literacy and health-promoting behaviors (F=7.22, P<0.001). Health literacy also exerted
a significant effect on interpersonal communication (P<0.1), nutrition (P<0.05), and
responsibility toward health (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Based on results, health literacy and health-promoting behaviors among
the employees were undesirable and inadequate levels. Also, health literacy had the
positive relationship on nutritional behavior, interpersonal communication, and
responsibility toward health. It seems that it is necessary to pay special attention to
these issues in the training programs for health promotion of employees in order to
increase the efficiency in their performance.
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