Psychological characteristics and marital satisfaction in mothers of children with mental retardation and physical disabilities

AUTHORS

Narges Khodabandeh 1 , Farahnaz Mohammadi 2 , * , Nooshin Taghinejad 3 , Fatemeh Jalali 4

1 Psychotherapist,Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 PhD Student in Educational Management , Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Deprtment of Psychology , Fculty of Humanities , Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University , Bandar Abbas , Iran.

4 Psychotherapist, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Khodabandeh N , Mohammadi F , Taghinejad N , Jalali F . Psychological characteristics and marital satisfaction in mothers of children with mental retardation and physical disabilities, Hormozgan Med J. 2016 ; 20(5):e87441.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 20 (5); e87441
Published Online: September 10, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 11, 2016
Accepted: September 10, 2016

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Abstract

Introduction: Mothers who have children with mental and physical disabilities experience mental and social challenges. Recent researches indicate that Psychological status and marital satisfaction in mothers of children with mental retardation and mothers of children with physical disabilities is different. The aim of this study was to compare marital satisfaction and psychological characteristics of the mothers of children with mental retardation and mothers of children with physical disabilities.

Methods: This is a causal- effectual design study. The study population was all mothers of mentally retarded and physically disabled children that living in Bandar Abbas and their children have 5 to 12 years old. The sampling method was convenience sampling. 30 mothers of mentally retarded children and 30 mothers of children with physical disabilities were selected from two well-being and occupational therapy centers. Participants responded to psychological status (MMPI) inventory and marital satisfaction (MIS) inventory. The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software at the 0.05 significant level.

Results: Mothers who have children with mental retardation, had significantly higher level of hypochondria, depression, hysteria, paranoia, schizophrenia, mania and lower maital satisfaction, than mothers of children with physical disabilities.

Conclusion: It seems that in addition to the type and severity of disability, spousal support, social support, parent s attitudes to type of disability can be affected on psychological characteristics and marital satisfaction in mothers. Conclusions are useful for families of exceptional children researchers.

Keywords

Psychological Characteristics Marital Satisfaction Retardation

© 2016, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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