Effect of Bady Mass Index on patients prognosis after heart surgery

AUTHORS

Vahid Samieinezhad 1 , * , Hossein Montazerghaem 2 , Hossein Farshidi 3 , Behnam Hanaei 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 General Practitioner, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Internal Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Associate Professor Department of Internal Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 19 (6); e87654
Published Online: August 09, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 20, 2014
Accepted: August 09, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Patients with high or low body mass index may be more at risk of death
and complications after surgery, especially in patients who have coronary artery bypass
grafting may be the outcome could be more specific, so we decided to evaluate effect BMI
and its correlation with survival and outcome in cardiac surgery.
Methods: A Cross sectional study of 345 patients who underwent surgery from 2010 till
2013 coronary artery bypass grafts were performed in our center. Each of the patients was
monitored for a year. Patient information was collected. Then in terms of body mass
index and its impact on patient outcomes after surgery were studied.
Results: Among patients with low body mass index (BMI<20), patients with a high
body mass index (BMI>30) as well as patients with normal body mass index were not
significantly associated with mortality after surgery. Most obese patients were at risk of
postoperative MI (P=0.02). Pneumonia after surgery in patients with high body mass
index than patients with a normal body mass index and were more common in lean
subjects (P=0.023).
Conclusion: In our study we find that high or low BMI alone increased mortality after
cardiac surgery is not. Also, obese people are at higher risk of postoperative complications.

Keywords

Body Mass Index Coronary Artery Outcome

© 2016, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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