Prevalence of Preeclampsia in Hormozgan Province

AUTHORS

Minoo Rajaei 1 , Pouneh Nikuei 2 , * , Abdol Azim Nejatizadeh 3 , Mahsa Rahimzadeh 4 , Mehdi Massoodi 5 , Masoumeh Abedinejad 6 , Soheila Moradi 7 , Arezou Mobarkabady 7 , Behta Sedigh 8 , Zohreh Madani 8

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Associate Professor Department of Midwifery, Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences , Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 PhD Student of Molecular Medicine, Molecular Medicine Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Associate Professor Department of Human Genetics, Molecular Medicine Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor Department of Biochemistry, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

5 Assistant Professor Department of Geology, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

6 MSc of Molecular Medicine Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

7 BSc of Midwifery, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

8 General Practitioner, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (6); e87674
Published Online: December 26, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 10, 2013
Accepted: December 26, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Preeclampsia is a potentially life-threatening disease during pregnancy diagnosed by hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation. The etiology and pathogenesis remain mysterious and poorly understood. It is a major cause of maternal and neonatal death and morbidity worldwide, affecting nearly 5-10% of all pregnancies. In this study we, aimed to determine the prevalence of preeclampsia in southern Iran, various districts of Hormozgan province, in order to outline existing high risk disease-areas headed for early diagnosis of the disease.
Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out on 1033 ethnic-matched unrelated pre-eclamptic subjects out of 17792 pregnant women who had delivery from September 2012 to March 2013 in Hormozgan province. Demographic and clinical features of the study subjects were collected using well-structured questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS. Chi-Square test was used and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Preeclampsia prevalence was generally 5.8% in Hormozgan. 41% and 59% of pre-eclamptic women were nullipara and multipara, respectively. 62% of the deliveries were done by Cesarian section. Individual frequency distribution of preeclampsia in each studied cities were 18.8% in Bandar Khamir, 13.7% in Bashagard, 12.1% in the province cities ranged from 3.1% in Kish to 18.8% in Bandar Khamir.
Conclusion: Our study showed a similar frequency distribution as the world prevalence for pre-eclampsia. Early detection of high risk subjects for pre-eclampsia and subsequent perinatal care should be considered in some areas of the province. Planned intervention could manage and decrease the rate of pre-eclampsia and its complications effectively.

Keywords

Pre-Eclampsia – Prevalance - Pregnancy - Iran

© 2015, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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