Loxoscelism: a case report from Bandar Abbas in south of Iran

AUTHORS

Mehran Shahi 1 , Arefeh Shahi 2 , Zahra Khademi 3 , Alireza Zamani 4 , Ahmadreza Nakhaii 5 , Javad Rafinejad 6 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 PhD Student, Infectious & Tropical Disease Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Instructor Department of Nursing, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 Sc Student of Animal Biology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.

5 Infections Disease Specialist, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

6 Professor Department of Entomology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (5); e87723
Published Online: November 06, 2013
Article Type: Case Report
Received: July 24, 2013
Accepted: November 06, 2013

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Introduction: Loxoscelism is a medical condition resulting from the envenomation by
recluse spiders (Loxosceles spp.), which could lead to necrotic tissue symptoms. The only
species of this genus recorded from Iran, Loxosceles rufescens, or the Mediterranean
recluse spider, has a cosmopolitan distribution and have already been recorded from
numerous parts of Iran, including Bandar Abbas. This study aims to report a case of
loxoscelism in Bandar Abbas (southern Iran) for the first time.
Patient: This report is related to a 46-year-old female patient who referred to infectious
ward of Shahid Mohammadi Hospital, with acute necrotic clinical symptom on right flank
of her trunk due to the bite of a spider.
Conclusion: As Loxosceles rufescens has already been recorded from Hormozgan
Province, cases of loxoscelism are likely in this region. Diagnosis and treatment of most
of the cases is very difficult, because the spider may not be identified correctly and the
clinical symptoms are similar to other diseases; this will result in false differential
diagnosis of the disease and consequently, delay in appropriate treatment.

Keywords

Spider Bite - Recluse Spider - Bandar Abbas - Iran

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fulltext
References
  • 1. References are included in the PDF.
  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: