Assessment of Risk Factors of Premanturity among Neonates Born in Bandar Abbas Shariati Hospital

AUTHORS

Rakhshaneh Goodarzi 1 , Salma Naderi 1 , * , Seyed Hossein Saadat 1 , Shahram Zare 2 , Sanaz Soleimani 3 , Sadeigheh Tavakoli 3

1 Assisstant Professor Department of Pediatrics, Pediatruics Clinical and Developmental Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Associate Professor Department of Community Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 General Practitioner, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Goodarzi R, Naderi S, Saadat S H, Zare S , Soleimani S, et al. Assessment of Risk Factors of Premanturity among Neonates Born in Bandar Abbas Shariati Hospital, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 18(4):e87737.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (4); e87737
Published Online: August 27, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 19, 2013
Accepted: August 27, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Prematurity remains the main cause of mortality and morbidity in infants
and a problem in the care of pregnant women world-wide. This study describes the risk
factors for having a live preterm delivery in Bandar Abbas Shariati Hospital.
Methods: In this case-control study, we studied 300 neonates who were borned in Shariati
hospital in 2011 and divided them into two groups: case group (100 mothers with premature
neonates) and control group (200 mothers with term infants). Risk factors that were studied
include maternal age and job, parent's knowledge, the history of preterm birth, uterine
abnormality, maternal systemic and infectious disease, prenatal care, placental abnormality,
trauma in pregnancy, maternal low weight gain in pregnancy, the number of previous
pregnancy, inter pregnancies gap, maternal smoking, membrane abnormality, previous
abortion, pregnancy with assisted reproductive therapy. Data collection and analysis were
performed using SPSS 16 and t-test and Chi-Square were used to analyze the significance of
the results.
Results: The results show that in mothers with preterm birth, prolong premature rupture of
membrane 27.92 times, uterine and cervical anomaly about 15 times, preeclamcia 5.26
times, the history of preterm birth 4.96 times, family dependency 2.67 times, urinary tract
infection 2.24 times and diabetes 2.18 time more exposed to prematurity than mothers with
term birth (pvalue<0.05).
Conclusion: According to this study prolong premature rupture of membrane, uterine and
cervical anomaly, preeclamcia and history of preterm birth are the most important risk
factors for preterm delivery.

Keywords

Delivery - Premature Infant - Term Infant.

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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