Evaluation of Modification of Behaviour of the Pregnant Women in the Field of Urinary Infections Based on the Health Belief Mode

AUTHORS

Elham Nejadsadeghi 1 , * , Mohammadhosein Taghdisi 2

1 MSc of Health Education, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Nejadsadeghi E, Taghdisi M. Evaluation of Modification of Behaviour of the Pregnant Women in the Field of Urinary Infections Based on the Health Belief Mode, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 18(4):e87740.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (4); e87740
Published Online: November 12, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 29, 2012
Accepted: November 12, 2012

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Abstract

Introduction: One of the most common problems among women during pregnancy is
Urinary Infection (UI). Pregnant women are highly susceptible to UI due to body changes
and because of its potential complications on mothers and their fetuses, UI receives
particular attention.The current study aimed at investigating the modifiability of behaviour
of the pregnant women in the field of urinary infections based on the health belief model.
Methods: This is a quasi-experimental intervention study. The samples involved 110
pregnant women who attended Health Center in Behbahan (Khuzestan Province) and were
randomized to case and control groups. The reliability and validity were established before
conducting the study and the tool of the study included a designed questionnaire based on
the Health Belief Model (HBM). Before the intervention, the participants in both groups
were asked to fill in a questionnaire and the pregnant women of the experimental group
received a five session educational program according to (HBM). There was no intervention
in control group. One month after intervention, both groups were evaluated by recompleting
the questionnaire. And finally, Statistical tests such as Independent t-test, Paired
t-test and Chi- Square were used for analysis of data in both groups.
Results: The results of an independent t-test revealed that before intervention there were no
significant differences between the mean scores of the pregnant women's behaviour in the two
groups concerning behavioral prevention of urinary infection such as the way of cleanness and
wearing clothes, eating habits, urinary habits, and sexual behaviour. After intervention,
however, significant differences were observed between the mean scores of all aforesaid
variables (pvalue<0.05). The Paired t-test showed that there were significant differences
between the mean scores of the variables in case group before and after educational
intervention (pvalue <0.05), whereas the mean scores of control group changed trivially and
no significant differences were observed.
Conclusion: The findings of current study confirmed the effectiveness of educational
intervention based on Health Belief Model in modification of behaviour of the pregnant
women in the field of urinary infections.

Keywords

Urinary Tract Infection - Pregnant Women – Education.

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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