Epidemiologic Study of Poisonings in Patients Referring to Emergency Ward of Shahid Mohammadi University Hospital in Bandar Abbas


Ashkan Tabibzadeh 1 , Reza Yazdani 1 , Shahram Zare 2 , Javad Golmirzaei 3 , Seyed Mehrdad Solati dehkordi 4 , Baharak Tavousi Tehrani 5 , *


1 Assistant Professor Department of Emergency Medicine, Khalije Fars Truma Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

2 Associate Professor Department of Community Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department Psychiatry, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor Department of Internal Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

5 General Practitioner, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (4); e87744
Published Online: December 18, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 09, 2013
Accepted: December 18, 2013




Introduction: Poisoning is a major health problem worldwide and one of the most
common reasons for visiting emergency departments (EDs). The object of this study was to
determine the epidemiological characteristics of poisoned patients referred to emergency
department of Bandar Abbas Shahid-Mohammadi hospital in 2011-2012.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study between March 2011 and February 2012 all the
patients admitted through ED for further evaluation and treatment were investigated. Data
were gathered from direct interviewing and patient’s medical files by using a checklist and
analyzed by SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistical tests, Chi-Square and t-test.
Results: Poisonings comprised 3.6% of emergency department patients. During the study
period, 493 patients with drug or chemical exposure were admitted. Of them, 52.1% were
male and 47.9% were female. 75.7% were between the ages of 14-29 years.
Benzodiazepines (23.1%) followed by Tramadol (20.1%) were the most common cause of
poisonings. Intentional poisonings constituted the majority of cases (67%). The mean age of
suicidal cases was lower (23.3 vs 30.3). The majority of patients were single (52.9%),
unemployed (58.4%) and living in urban centers (75.3%). 26% of patients had a diagnosed
psychiatric disease, 13% had previous suicidal self-poisoning and 32.3% were addicted.
2.2% of patients were died during hospital stay.
Conclusion: In this study, poisonings most commonly occur as intentional and mostly by
pharmaceutical agents. The prevalence was higher in younger individuals than other groups.
According to these findings, the authorities have to prevent its further occurrence by
screening of psychiatric diseases in poisoning cases and early treatment of them, as well as
limiting easy availability of drugs.


Epidemiology – Poisoning – Suicide – Overdose

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