Investigation of Violence against Emergency Nurses in a Referral University Hospital in Southern Iran

AUTHORS

Mehdi Lalezari 1 , Aahmad Haghiri Dehbarez 2 , Reza Yazdani 3 , * , Fereshteh Jafariyan 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Associate Professor Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 BSc of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Trauma & Emergency Medicine Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Assisstant Professor Department of Emergency Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (4); e87748
Published Online: September 03, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 19, 2011
Accepted: September 03, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Today, the incidence of violence such as verbal violence physical violence,
including battering, sexual harassment is defined conflicts, especially in work environments
around the world. The aim of this study was to investigate violence against emergency
department nurses of Shahid Mohammadi hospital in Bandar Abbas.
Methods: This study was a cross - sectional descriptive study which was conducted in
2012-2013, the population of nurses in the emergency department of shahid Mohammadi
hospital, with at least one year of work experience ranging from formal contracts and are
recruiting in all of them (88 women and 13 men) were enrolled in this study. The researcher
made questionnaire including open and closed questions was used for data collection. By
using SPSS software, Chi-Square test was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Verbal abuse, threat and physical violence had the highest prevalence of violence.
Night shift work, lack of police intervention, long-term care services, the main risk factors
for violence are the most violent patients, and the shift is 7 nights to 12 nights. In the
majority of cases (94%), nurses were not well trained on how deal with violence and also
report an incident.
Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of violence over a period of one year, which is
higher than the foreign studies of the consideration and study? Hence a proper and
comprehensive research, prevention programs, such as raising the general culture,
involvement of nurses with higher responsibility and high-speed action in emergencies, the
sensitizing concerned authroties with the aim of reducing violence, is necessary.

Keywords

Workplace Violence – Emergency – Nurses

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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