Prevalence of hypertension and respective risk factors in adults in Bandar Abbas, Iran

AUTHORS

Ali Safari Moradabadi 1 , Ali Ghanbarnejad 2 , Marzieh Nikparvar 3 , Sakineh Dadipoor 4 , * , Sakineh Fallahi 5

1 MSc Student of Health Education, Student Research Committee, Research Center for Social Determinants in Health Promotion, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

2 MSc of Biostatistics, Research Center for Social Determinants in Health Promotion, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

3 Assisstant Professor Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

4 MSc Student of Health Education, Mother and Child Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

5 MSc of Psychiatric, Hormozgan Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banadr Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Safari Moradabadi A, Ghanbarnejad A, Nikparvar M, Dadipoor S, Fallahi S. Prevalence of hypertension and respective risk factors in adults in Bandar Abbas, Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 18(3):e87762.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (3); e87762
Published Online: March 15, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 21, 2013
Accepted: March 15, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is the most common and major important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Rapid socio-economic changes in recent decades has increased the prevalence risk factors of heart diseases - including high blood pressure. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and respective risk factors in adults of Bandar Abbas in 2012.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, randomized cluster sampling was performed to select 1531 people over 30 years of Bandar Abbas (639 men, 892 women aged 30-70) we used interview and clinical examination for data collection. The instruments collecting data were standard questionnaire and mercurial pressure gauge and portable digital scale. The data were statistically analyzed by SPSS Software, using Chi-square test, t-test, and ANOVA. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Prevalence of hypertension in the study was 35.3%. This figure for males was 38% and for females was 33%. The statistical results obtained from this study showed that the prevalence of hypertension with increasing BMI also increases, so that 58.1 percent of subjects had BMI≥25. A significant difference was obtained between proportion of women (34.94%) and men (23.18%) with BMI greater than 25 (P<0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed high prevalence of hypertension in Bandar Abbas. It seems that BMI, age, sex, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, are leading factors in high blood pressure.

Keywords

BandarAbbas – Hypertension - Prevalence

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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