Comparison of Kangaroo Mother Care with Traditional Care of Premature Infants to Obtain Accelerated Discharge Criteria

AUTHORS

Salma Naderi 1 , * , Rakhshaneh Goodarzi 2

1 Assistant Professor Department of Pediatric, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Pediatric, Clinical Research Development Center of Children Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Naderi S, Goodarzi R. Comparison of Kangaroo Mother Care with Traditional Care of Premature Infants to Obtain Accelerated Discharge Criteria, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 18(2):e87808.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (2); e87808
Published Online: February 12, 2013
Article Type: Letter
Received: October 23, 2012
Accepted: February 12, 2013

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Abstract

Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an effective care method that avoids aggressive routine
methods in neonatal wards. Objective of this study was comparing KMC with conventional care
(incubator) of premature Infant in neonatal wards.
This study was a randomized controlled clinical trial that has been done in 17 months. 40
premature neonates whose birth weight was less than 1500gr were enrolled in the study and
categorized with stratified randomization in two groups of case and control. The Kangaroo
group was subjected to kangaroo care at least 6 hours per day and control group received routine
conventional incubator care. Two groups were compared for weight gain, hospitalization period,
and saturation of arterial oxygen, body temperature, and apnea. The data were analyzed with t
test, Chi-Square, fisher’s exact test and Mann Whitney test. P< 0.05 was considered as
statistically significant.
Two groups were similar for base line characteristics. Mean weight gain was 19.3±9.7 gr/day in
kangaroo group compared to 17.7±9.5 gr/day in control group (P=0.47). Mean duration of
hospitalization, mean episode of apnea and other variables such as saturation of oxygen and
body temperature have not showed significant differences.
At present, in Bandar Abbas children hospital, the KMC method, compared to routine method
has not any advantage or disadvantage.

Keywords

Premature Newborn - Kangaroo Mather Care - Incubator

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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