Effect of magnesium on prevention of diabetic vessel complication (review article)

AUTHORS

Gholamreza Farshidfar 1 , Nepton Soltani 2 , * , Mitra Kamaran 3 , Mansour Keshavarz 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Assistant Professor Department of Biochemistry, Research Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Physiology, Research Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

3 MSc of Physiology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 Professor Department of Physiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 17 (1); e87947
Published Online: March 12, 2013
Article Type: Review Article
Received: February 13, 2013
Accepted: March 12, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Magnesium is the second intracellular and fourth common action in the
body. Magnesium deficit has been described in patients with type I diabetes.
Hypomagnesemia can also be the cause for some clinical diseases such as diabetes. Some
researches showed that plasma magnesium level decreases after diabetes induction. Some
research believed that magnesium deficiency is a risk factor for diabetes. In the other hand,
magnesium deficiency changes vessel morphology and increase vessel myogenic tone. It
plays an important role in regulation of cerebral blood flow. Magnesium also plays a crucial
role in diabetic vessel complications. This review article tries to investigate the role and
mechanism of magnesium on prevention of diabetic vessel complication.

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus' – Magnesium – Prevention

© 2013, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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