Faunistic study and abundance of the phlebotomine sand flies in Saravan County, South-East Iran

AUTHORS

Hamid kassiri 1 , * , Ezzatadin Javadian 2

1 Assistant Professor Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control , Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran.

2 Professor Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control , Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: kassiri H, Javadian E. Faunistic study and abundance of the phlebotomine sand flies in Saravan County, South-East Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2013 ; 16(6):e88061.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 16 (6); e88061
Published Online: December 04, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 03, 2011
Accepted: December 04, 2011

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Abstract

Introduction: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is transmitted to humans mainly by Phlebotomus papatasi and P. sergenti sand flies in Iran. This survey was conducted in order to determine species composition and abundance of sand fly species in Saravan County. Iran Methods: This field study was conducted in 1997-1998. Sand flies were collected from outdoors by sticky paper traps. Identifications were based on the morphology of the male genitalia and female spermatechae and pharynges using standard keys. Results: Based on the results, S. tiberiadis (18%), P. alexandri (16.5%) and P. kazeruni (14.3%) were found to be the most abundant species. Other species were P. sergenti, S. clydei, S. hodgsoni, P. papatasi, S. sintoni, S. christophersi, S. baghdadis, S. iranica, S. mervynae, P. eleanorae, P. bergeroti, S. dreyfussi, S. dentata, P. mesghali, S. grekovi, S. theodori and S. africana, respectively. During the study period, the species of P. eleanorae, P. bergeroti, P. mesghali, S. hodgsoni, S. christophersi, S. mervynae, S. dreyfussi, S. dentata, S. grekovi, S. africana and S. theodori were captured for the first time from this county. Conclusion: In this study, P. papatasi, P. sergenti and P. alexandri comprised 69.6% of catches during the study period. These species are the proven vectors of Leishmania major, L. tropica and L. infantum in Iran, respectively.

Keywords

Leishmaniasis - Abundance - Saravan - Iran

© 2013, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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