Effect of massage Aromatherapy with lavandula on the duration of first and second stage of labor in nulliparous women

AUTHORS

Leyla Mohamadkhani Shahri 1 , * , Samaneh Sabet Birjandi 2 , Hengameh Mohamadkhani Shahri 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Soth Khorasan, Iran.

3 General Practitioner, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 17 (2); e88096
Published Online: October 02, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 20, 2011
Accepted: October 02, 2012

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Abstract

Introduction: Duration of labor and pain severity are main factors to fray pregnant women
of vaginal delivery and acceptance for elective section. Hence, the purpose of this research
was to investigate the effect of massage aromatherapy with lavandula in decreasing the
duration of first and second stage of labor in nulliparous women.
Methods: The present study is a clinical trial which performed in 2008 with 90 nulliparous
pregnant woman. The women were randomly assigned into 3 groups. First group took only
massage. Second group took massage with Almond oil, and the third group took massage
aromatherapy with Lavender oil. Each group received back effleurage massage for 20
minutes at 3 dilatation. Then duration of first of stage of active phase and second stage of
labor, pain severity and satisfaction in there groups were evaluated.
Results: Duration of first of stage of active phase has been in massage cases 321±2.52
minutes and in massage with Almond oil cases 349±2.81 minutes and in aromatherapy cases
245±1.95 minutes. Duration of second stage of labor has been in massage cases
42.36±13.86 minutes and in massage with Almond oil cases 42.03±12.22 minutes and in
aromatherapy cases 29±10.46 minutes. Also, mean labor pain intensity has decreased before
intervention from 6.56±1.63 to 4.78±1.50 after intervention (P=0.0001). Aromatherapy
has decreased pain intensity of active phase of labor after intervention (P=0.001) and has
caused patient satisfaction from delivery (P=0.014).
Conclusion: Massage aromatherapy with lavandula can be used as a non-drug method
without side effects on mother and fetus to reduce the duration of the first and second stage
of labor and pain intensity of active phase of labor.

Keywords

Lavandula - First Stage of Labor - Second Stage of Labor

© 2013, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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