The effects of a safety educational intervention on promoting safety behavior at textile workers

AUTHORS

Farideh Hatami 1 , *

1 Instructor Department of Occupatinal Health, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd Branch, Borujerd, Iran.

How to Cite: Hatami F. The effects of a safety educational intervention on promoting safety behavior at textile workers, Hormozgan Med J. 2013 ; 17(4):e88191.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 17 (4); e88191
Published Online: September 04, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 19, 2012
Accepted: September 04, 2012

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Abstract

Introduction: Behavioral science is an inseparable part of a comprehensive accident
prevention strategy in a work place. This study reports a behavior approach used to evaluate
the effects of an occupational safety training intervention on industrial textile workers.
Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental based on Solomon 4-group design participatory
study, which is conducted as pretest-post-test intervention. A sample of 85 workers of a textile
factory participated in this study. A questionnaires and a behavior observation checklist were
developed exclusively for this study. The required substantial data for intervention planning
were resulted based on findings due to conducting four first phases of precede-proceed model.
A combination concept of Precede-Proceed model and theory of Reasoned Action were
utilized in planning and implementing the interventions. Our package consisted of training,
assigned goal setting, daily verbal praise, and graphic feedback that were provided four times a
week. Analysis of data was performed using Minitab software. Descriptive statistics and t-test
and analysis of variance were used for comparisons between groups.
Results: The mean scores on knowledge and safety practices showed significant
improvement among all four groups in one month and three months post intervention; with
groups 1 and 2 show the highest improvement. Our findings approved the applicability of
combined models on safety practices and knowledge on the safety issues in workplace.
Conclusion: Our study acknowledges the idea of applying an occupational safety training
intervention package for textile industry workers and implementing health education
intervention to promote safety practices in other industries.

Keywords

Precede Proceed Model – Behavior – Workers

© 2013, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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