Evaluation of epidemiologic, clinical and laboratory factors of hospitalized children with pneumonia

AUTHORS

Gholamreza Soleimani 1 , * , Simin Sadeghi Bojd 1 , Abdollah Kordi 2

1 Research Center for Children and Adolescents Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Clinical Research Development Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

How to Cite: Soleimani G, Sadeghi Bojd S, Kordi A. Evaluation of epidemiologic, clinical and laboratory factors of hospitalized children with pneumonia, Hormozgan Med J. 2010 ; 14(1):e88538.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 14 (1); e88538
Published Online: October 31, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 24, 2009
Accepted: October 31, 2009

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Abstract

Introduction: Pneumonia is one of the major causes of mortality in acute respiratory
infections of children. Most of death cases due to pneumonia among children, occurred
several days after clinical manifestation which is due to delay of remedy or
indiscrimination. Our aim, in this study, is evaluation of epidemiologic, clinical and
laboratory factors of hospitalized children with pneumonia.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated all hospitalized patients with diagnosis
of pneumonia, aged 1 month to 12 years in pediatrics ward of Ali ebn-e Abitaleb (AS)
Hospital of Zahedan, Iran, during 2005 to 2008. The diagnosis of pneumonia was based
on physical examination, laboratory findings and chest radiography. Analysis was done by
SPSS ver.15 software.
Results: Of 300 evaluated patients, 177 patients (59%) were male and 123(41%) were
female. The mean age was 27.39 month. Age in boys was less than girls, but the mean age
of boys have no significant difference with girls. Rate of Bacterial pneumonia was 30% and
viral was 70%. The blood culture was positive in 11.11% of the cases. The most common
bacteria were negative coagolase staphylococcus (8 cases) and streptococcus pneumonia (5
cases). The most common underlying conditions were failure to thrive (FTT) and congenital
heart disease (CHD). The mortality rate of pneumonia in this study was 1%.
Conclusion: Based on the results of our study, the most common pathogen of pneumonia
in children was staphylococcus and streptococcus pneumonia. High frequency of FTT in
our study can be due to low socio-economic status of families and inattention to
contraceptive methods.

Keywords

Pneumonia - Child Preschool – Epidemiologic Factors - Failure to thrive

© 2010, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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