Quality of life in Alopecia Areata patients

AUTHORS

Shahram Baghestani 1 , * , Samaneh Mazloomi 2

1 Assistant Professor Department of Dermatology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 General Practitioner, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Baghestani S, Mazloomi S. Quality of life in Alopecia Areata patients, Hormozgan Med J. 2011 ; 14(4):e88609.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 14 (4); e88609
Published Online: December 28, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 14, 2010
Accepted: December 28, 2010

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Abstract

Introduction: Alopecia Areata is a chronic recurrent nonscarring skin disease
characterized by sudden Asymptomatic localized hairless. Alopecia Areata can cause
emotional and psychosocial distress in affected individuals. Personal appearance due to
patchy hairloss may affect patients social relationship and change in quality of life. This
study is designed to investigate the effect of Aleopecia Areata on quality of life in Bandar
Abbas, Iran.
Methods: In this case-control study, 50 patients of confirmed Alopecia Areata
disease referred to Shahid Mohammadi hospital dermatology clinic and 50 age, sex
and education matched individuals were selected as cases and controls.
Demographic characteristics were collected and severity of disease measured by
Oslen/Corfield method. Quality of life was evaluated by WHOQOL/BREF
questionnaire. Data were analysed by SPSS software using descriptive methods as well as
Chi-Square and t tests.
Results: The results showed a significant difference in mental health and social relations
in cases compare to control group (P<0.05), but there was not a significant difference in
other quality of life aspects. Quality of life mean in mental health and social relations
aspects in male cases were significantly less than that in control group, while in none of
the quality of life aspects there was a significant different in female cases and controls.
Conclusion: This study reveals that although the disease with any severity and in each
age can affect quality of life, the severity of its effect in males is higher than that in
females.

Keywords

Alopecia Areata – Quality of Life – Skin Diseases

© 2011, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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