Antibiogram pattern of isolated bacteria from bacteremia in hospitalized children – Bandar Abbas, Iran

AUTHORS

Nadia Nemati 1 , Sedigheh Javadpour 2 , * , Abdolmajid Nazemi 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Medical Students, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Microbiology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Pediatric, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 14 (4); e88612
Published Online: November 01, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 05, 2010
Accepted: November 01, 2010

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Introduction: Presence of bacteria in blood is a serious cause of hospitalization, morbidity
and mortality in pediatric. Microbial culture of blood samples is the most reliable technique
to identify the responsible bacteria and determine antibiotic susceptibility. Extensive use of
antibiotics and increasing prevalence of resistant organisms urged us to expand our
knowledge about antibiotic sensitivity of organisms in every region to choose appropriate
ones. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency and antibiogram pattern of
isolated bacteria in pediatric blood culture.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, between April 2007 and March 2008, 919 children
with suspicious bacteremia who were admitted to Bandar-Abbas Childrens' Hospital, were
investigated. Clinical and microbiologic data of 124 children with positive blood cultures
was collected and analyzed by SPSS 13.
Results: The incidence of pediatric bacteremia was 6.46% with 10.48% mortality rate.
Gram positive bacteria were the predominant isolates (78.2%), common being Coagulase
Negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) (70.16%) and staphylococcus aureus (9.25%).
Klebsiella (13.73 %) and E.coli (6.45%) were the major gram negative organisms. CoNS
isolates were largely susceptible to amikacine (90%) and ciprofloxacine (81.6%). S.aureus
isolates were 100% sensitive to cefotaxim and cephalexin.
Conclusion: Bactermia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality at children. Our
study highlights the importance of understanding the local epidemiology of pediatric
bacteremia in formulating a rational antibiotics policy.

Keywords

Bacteremia - Pediatrics - Antibiotics

© 2011, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fulltext
References
  • 1. References are included in the PDF.
  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: