Study on scorpions' fauna in high risk area of Hormozgan province, 2006-7

AUTHORS

Mehran Shahi 1 , * , Kourosh Azizi 2 , Nader Ansarian 3

1 Instructor, Department of Entomology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Entomology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 General Practitioner, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Shahi M, Azizi K, Ansarian N. Study on scorpions' fauna in high risk area of Hormozgan province, 2006-7, Hormozgan Med J. 2009 ; 12(4):e88971.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 12 (4); e88971
Published Online: July 20, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 05, 2007
Accepted: July 20, 2008

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Abstract

Introduction: Scorpion stinging is one of the most important health problems of
Iran especially in tropical southern provinces such as Hormozgan, the southern
province of Iran. Hormozgan province usually had the second rank of stinging
prevalence in the country with more 10 cases of death annually. Detection of
scorpion fauna is a necessary factor to plan an efficient control problem.
Methods: The present study was a Cross - Sectional descriptive study which was
conducted in 2006-2007 Cluster sampling method was used and the specimens
were caught using Black light and daily resting site seeking techniques.
Results: A total of 818 specimens were caught from which, 440 (53.8%) were
female and 378 (46.2%) were male. Ten species from three families (Buthidae,
Scorpionidae and Liochelidae) were found as the fauna and Odontobuthus doriae
(Buthidae) with 28.8% (236 specimens) was the dominant species. Parsian district
had the highest density of scorpion with 34.3% (281 specimens). The result
showed Hemiscorpius lepturus with 21/6% (177 specimens) was the dangerous
species which caused death in high risk areas of Hormozgan province.
Conclusion: The density of H. lepturus and Androctonus crassicauda was very
high in the border of cities, villages and indoor habitats. Scorpio maurus
(Scorpionidae) is reported the first time from Hormozgan province. Besides, this
is the first report of Hottentotta jayakari (Buthidae) from the northern costal areas
of Persian Gulf.

Keywords

Scorpion – Fauna - Hormozgan Province - Iran

© 2009, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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