Effect of muscle relaxation and cognitive psychotherapy on anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction, in hospitals affiliated to Ahwaz Medical Sciences University-2003

AUTHORS

Najmeh Hamid 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Assistant Professor Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 11 (1); e89105
Published Online: December 25, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 08, 2005
Accepted: December 25, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: One of the most common complication of myocardial infarction
(MI) is subsequent psychological problems including anxiety and depression
which most patients experience, reduces vital function and increases mortality.
Clinical symptoms such as anxiety, preoccupation and negative ideas about
probable ensuing cardiac attack imperils physical and mental health of patients.
The objective of this study was of determine the level of anxiety and depression
in patients during various periods: before, after and 3-months after muscle
relaxation and cognitive psychotherapy.
Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 60 patients with myocardial
infarction who were put randomly in case and control groups. Assessment of
anxiety and depression was done by pt and D Scales of MMPI (short form). SPSS
software was used for data analysis.
Results: Results showed that after treatment, anxiety and depression in cases
were reduced significantly (P<0.01) in periods before, after and 3 months follow
up after therapy, while this was constant in the control group.
Conclusion: Muscle relaxation and cognitive psychotherapy have distinguishable
effects on reducing level of anxiety and depression in patients with MI. This
modalities can minimize the need for pharmacotherapy and make it possible to
use nonmedicial methods.

Keywords

Relaxation Techniques - Anxiety – Myocardial Infarction - Ahwaz

© 2007, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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