Effect of stress appraisal and coping strategies on mental health

AUTHORS

Seyed Mohammad Hossein Moosavi Nasab 1 , * , Mohammadreza Taghavi 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Instructor Department of Educational Science , Azad Islamic University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.

2 Associate Professor Department of Psychology , Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 11 (1); e89113
Published Online: September 19, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 16, 2005
Accepted: September 19, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: According to Lazarus and Folkman's model, stress appraisal is the
strongest determinant of coping strategies and mental health. The purpose of the
present study was to examine the influence of stress appraisal and coping strategies
on mental health in 355 adolescents.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 355 (208 female and 147
male) adolescent students of Shiraz who were volunteer for university entrance
examination. Four inventories including stress appraisal, ways of coping
questionnaire (WQCQ), satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) and general health
questionnaire (GHQ) were filled for data gathering.
Results: Results from regression analysis indicated that primary stress appraisal
accounted for a significant amount of the variance in coping strategies and also
stress appraisal and coping strategies accounted for a significant amount of the
variance in mental health. Data analysis was performed by regression model and
determination coefficient was calculated.
Conclusion: Stress appraisal as a situational variable and coping strategies play an
important role in mental health. Thus, psychologists must try to instruct correct
methods of situation appraisal and proper coping strategies to people.

Keywords

Mental Health – Stress – Life Style - Questionnaires

© 2007, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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