Comparative study of the rate and causes of eye injuries in patients admitted to Shahid Mohammadi hospital in Bandar Abbas during 1998-1999 and 2004-2005
Hormozgan Medical Journal: October 01, 2007, 11 (3); e89554
August 20, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
July 09, 2005
August 20, 2007
M R, Pakdel
M. Comparative study of the rate and causes of eye injuries in patients admitted to Shahid Mohammadi hospital in Bandar Abbas during 1998-1999 and 2004-2005,
Hormozgan Med J.
Introduction: Eye injuries are still considered a principal cause of blindness and
morbidity in developing countries, while most of them are preventable. Regarding
the high prevalence of traumas in Hormozgan province, this study focuses on
comparison of patients with eye traumas admitted to Shahid Mohammadi hospital of
Bandar Abbas in 1998-1999 and 2004-2005.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 205 patients who were admitted
to Shahid Mohammadi hospital of Bandar Abbas for eye injuries in 2004-2005.
Variables such as age, gender, hospitalization duration, occupation, type of trauma,
cause of trauma, the injured eye, type of traumatic lesion, treatment modality,
interval between injury and admission, and visual acuity were evaluated. The results
were statistically analyzed and compared with those obtained from 394 patients
hospitalized in 1998-1999. For data analysis, SPSS sofware was used.
Results: In both studies, injured men were more than women: 21% for female
and 78% for male. 6-10 years age group had the most prevalence of injuries. The
highest numbers on injury were wood (17.77%) in 1998-1999 and accidents
(18.53%) in 2004-2005. The second cause of injury in both studies was metallic
objects with 35.45% in 1998-1999 and 13.65% in 2004-2005. The most common
injury in both surveys was corneal laceration (43.14% in 1998-1999 and 20.58%
in 2004-2005) and the least common was globe dislocation (5 cases and one case,
equivalent to 1.27% and 0.21% in 1998-1999 and 2004-2005, respectively).
Conclusion: Considering the fact that most injuries in the study years are
preventable, cultural activities and education for students and farmers can
considerably reduce the rate of injuries.
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