Malaria infestation in foreign immigrants residing Larestan township in 2003- 2004

AUTHORS

Mohammadreza Forootani 1 , *

1 Instructor Department of Nursing, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

How to Cite: Forootani M. Malaria infestation in foreign immigrants residing Larestan township in 2003- 2004, Hormozgan Med J. 2007 ; 11(3):e89572.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 11 (3); e89572
Published Online: June 13, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 06, 2006
Accepted: June 13, 2007

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Abstract

Introduction: Malaria is still one of the important health problems in tropical
countries with annual large number of morbidity and mortality in world population.
The hot and dry southern area of Iran, accommodating numerous emigrants including
Afghanis and Pakistanis, is considered a high risk region in the area. The aim of this
survey was detecting cases in Larestan, Fars province.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, 1257 cases were selected via cluster
sampling from foreign emigrants residing outskirts of Larestan. Blood samples were
collected from finger tips and blood smears stained with Giemsa. A questionnaire
was filled simultaneously recording demographic status of people, signs of malaria
disease, history of diagnosis and treatment, time of entering the country and the
region. SPSS software and Chi-square test were used for data analysis. P<0.05 was
considered significant.
Results: Infection rate of malaria was 6.3%. Among 405 (32.2%) Iranians, 27
(6.7%) people were infected and 378 (93.3%) were noninfected. Chi-square test
showed that malaria infection rate in these 2 groups was not significantly
different. But this test was significant (P<0.01) in newcomer Afghans (entrance
time less than 3 months).
Conclusion: Considering abundancy of Anopheles mosquitos in hot regions of
southern Iran and short migration of patients in the area, controlling boundaries
on entrance and also activating healthcare centers in high risk areas for malaria
infection, is highly recommended.

Keywords

Malaria – Refugees - Larestan

© 2007, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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