The relationship between knowledge, self-efficacy and quality of life with glycemic control and lipid profile in smoking diabetic patients

AUTHORS

Alireza Shahab Jahanlou 1 , * , Fazlahhah Ghofranipour 2 , Jhouliyet Jahani 3 , Seyed Alireza Sobhani 4 , Masoud Kimiagar 5 , Maryam Vafaei 6 , Alireza Heydarnia 7

1 Instructor Department of Biochemistry, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Professor Department of Health, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Nurse, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor Department of Pathology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

5 Professor Department of Nutrition, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

6 Assistant Professor Department of Psychology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

7 Associate Professor Department of Health Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Jahanlou A S, Ghofranipour F, Jahani J, Sobhani S A, Kimiagar M, et al. The relationship between knowledge, self-efficacy and quality of life with glycemic control and lipid profile in smoking diabetic patients, Hormozgan Med J. 2008 ; 11(4):e89601.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 11 (4); e89601
Published Online: February 29, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 25, 2007
Accepted: February 29, 2008

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Abstract

Introduction: Based on world health organization definition, quality of life is each
individual's perception from his or her life position with respect to cultural and social
situation. This study is aimed to investigate the relation between knowledge, selfefficacy
and quality of life with glycemic control and lipid profile in smoking diabetic
patients.
Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out in Bandar Abbas Diabetic Clinic
within three months. 125 patients suffering from diabetes type II were included in
study via census. All the cases had suffered from the disease for more than a year
and were not hospitalized for the last three months. WHOQOL BREF-26
questionnaire, self-efficacy standard questionnaire and knowledge standard
questionnaire, developed for diabetic patients, were used in this study. We measured
the level of HbA1c by calorimetric, LDL and triglyceride by standard kits, total
cholesterol and HDL by enzymatic methods. Data analysis was done by SPSS 12
software. T-test and Mann-Whitney test was used for statistical analysis.
Results: The mean level of knowledge in smoking patients is less than nonsmoking
and is significant. The quality of life (QOL) in smoking patients is less
than non-smoking patients and is significant (P<0.01). Concentration ability in
smokers is less than non-smokers (P<0.04). Negative feelings like sadness,
anxiety and depression in smokers are more prevalent than non-smokers
(P<0.05). Positive correlation was seen between physical dimension and
knowledge in control group, between psychological dimension and knowledge,
total QOL and knowledge in both groups.
Conclusion: Although questionnaires of QOL and knowledge-developed in this
study, could specify the differences between smoking and non-smoking diabetic
patients in a prefect way, comparing laboratorial findings could not reveal any
differences between them. Considering the above mentioned, it is recommended
to make an educational intervention to improve the knowledge of smoking
diabetic patients.

Keywords

Quality of Life – Self-Efficacy – Diabetic - Smoking

© 2008, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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