Epidemiologic aspects of cutaneaus leishmaniasis in Hajiabad, Hormozgan, Iran (2003)


Ahmad Ali Hanafi Bojd 1 , * , Mohammadreza Yaghoobi Ershadi 2 , Ghasem Zamani 3 , Arman Barzekar 4 , Reza Jafari 5 , Gholamreza Poor Abazari 6


1 Instructor Department of Medical Entomology & Vector Control, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor Department of Medical Entomology & Vector Control, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Epidemiology & Bio-statistic, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 General Practitioner.

5 Medical Entomologist, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

6 Environmental Health Officer.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (1); e89770
Published Online: March 11, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 05, 2005
Accepted: March 11, 2006




Introduction: Zoontic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is one of the most
important vector-born diseases in Iran, transmitted by phlebotominae sandfiles
and its foci exist in different parts of the country. In Hormozgan province, south
of Iran, cataneous leishmaniasis mainly reports from Hajiabad, Banda-Lengeh
and Kahoorestan. This study is conducted to investigate epidemiology of
leishmaniasis in Hajiabad.
Methods: In an epidemiological study that was conducted to determine the
situation of the disease in Hajiabad, 306 families containing 1392 inhabitants of
the rural district (48.4% male and 51.6% female) were examined. One percent of
the cases had active lesions and 8.3% showed scars. Isolated parasites from three
locally infected humans were injected to nine Balb/c mice that produced acute
lesion in two animals (22.2%). The results of PCR test confirmed leishmania
major as the disease agent in the area. The data was analyzed using Chi-square
statistical test.
Results: Primary survey on the probable reservoir host(s) in the area, using live
Sherman traps on 11 rodents from Gerbillidae family demonstrated 2 species of
Tatera indica (54.5%) and meriones persicus (45.5%). All trapped animals were
negative to be infected with leishmania parasite.
Conclusion: This investigation showed that zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis
(ZCL) due to L.major exists in Hajiabad. The most probable vector and reservoir
host of the disease in the area are P.papatasi and T.indica, respectively. More
studies are needed to isolate the parasite from them.


Leishmaniasis Cutaneous - Epidemiology – Hormozgan

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