Effect of self-care training on applying coping strategies of adolescents afflicted with thalassemia major referring to clinic of thalassemia in Amirkola pediatric hospital

AUTHORS

Parvin Aziznejhad 1 , * , Zahra Kashaninia 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Instructor Department of Nursing, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Nursing, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (3); e90134
Published Online: August 02, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 03, 2005
Accepted: August 02, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: Thalasemia such as many chronic illnesses, leads adolescent to
suffer psychosocial problems. In order to cope with illness, participation of
patient in self care and coping strategies training could be very beneficial. The
aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of training on applying coping strategies
among thalassemic adolescents.
Methods: This research is a quasi-experimental study, made by using personal
information questionnaire and standard form of Jalowiec coping scale. Eighty
adolescents afflicted with thalassemia referring to clinic of thalassemia in
Amirkola pediatric hospital were selected according to research criteria on
random sampling and divided into two groups of case and control (each group 4
people). Intervention in this research is self-care training in the form of sessions
of practical and theoretical training for 45 minutes in 5 sessions during three
weeks. Part of the education was conducted individually (desferal injection) and
the rest in 5-member groups for the case group. Information pertaining to
problem-focused coping and affective-focused coping for both case and control
groups were gathered before and after intervention.
Results: There was no significant difference between mean of problem-focused
coping (P=0.386) and affective-focused coping (P=0.275) before and after selfcare
training (P>0.05), but case group used more problem-focused coping
strategies and also problem-focused coping had significant corrlelation with
regular desferal injection (P=0.001).
Conclusion: This study shows that changing coping strategies after teaching
needs time to become a habit. So it is recommended to leave three months
interval to assess the effect of teaching on coping strategies.

Keywords

Education – Training Programs – Thalassemia - Adolescence

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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