Prevalence of depression in pregnant women and its relationship with some socioeconomic factors

AUTHORS

Gholamhossein Ahmadzadeh 1 , Atefeh Sadeghi Zadeh 2 , Siamak Amanat 3 , * , Victoria Omranifard 3 , Hamid Afshar 4

1 Associate Professor Department of Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

2 General Practitioner, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

4 ssistant Professor Department of Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

How to Cite: Ahmadzadeh G, Sadeghi Zadeh A, Amanat S, Omranifard V, Afshar H. Prevalence of depression in pregnant women and its relationship with some socioeconomic factors, Hormozgan Med J. 2007 ; 10(4):e90155.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (4); e90155
Published Online: August 16, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 27, 2005
Accepted: August 16, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: During recent years, valuable efforts have been made to improve
physical health status of pregnant women, but their mental health has not been
considered. Considering the increasing prevalence of depression worldwide, its
twofold prevalence in women and effects on physical condition and quality of
life, this study was performed to evaluate the prevalence of depression in
pregnant women and its relationship with some socioeconomic factors in
healthcare centers of Isfahan.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study. The cases were 600
pregnant women between 15 and 45 years old who referred to healthcare centers
in Isfahan. They were evaluated by Beck depression questionnaire and
demographic information. Chi square test was used for data analysis.
Results: Among 600 pregnant women, 446 cases (74.3%) were normal and 154
cases (28.7%) had depression: 22.2% with mild depression, 3.5% with moderate
to severe depression. The difference of prevalence of depression in women with
wanted versus unwanted pregnancy is significant. Otherwise, no meaningful
difference was seen.
Conclusion: It seems that paying special attention to mood status of pregnant
women (especially those with unwanted pregnancy) is virtually important. Using
screening methods for diagnosis and intensive care is mandatory for those in low
socio-economic state. More studies are needed to evaluate depressive disorders
during pregnancy and its sequelae as risk factors.

Keywords

Depression – Pregnancy – Prevalence

© 2007, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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