Knowledge, attitude and practice of Behvarzes working in healthcare centers of Kerman Medical Science University toward Pap Smear


Mahin Alam 1 , Sakineh Mohamad Alizadeh 2 , * , Mohammadreza Aflatoonian 3 , Mansoureh Azizzadeh Foroozi 4


1 Midwife, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Epidemiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

4 Instructor Department of Nursing, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (4); e90203
Published Online: August 13, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 05, 2005
Accepted: August 13, 2006




Introduction: Encouraging women to participate in screening program for
cervical cancer lead to early diagnosis and treatment or decreasing complication
and mortality of this cancer. Health services personnel such as Behvarzes can
play their educational role in this area only if they have adequate knowledge and
appropriate attitude as well as participating actively in screening program. The
objective of this study is determining knowledge, attitude and practice of married
female Behvarzes, work in healthcare centers of Kerman Medical Sciences
University toward Pap Smear.
Methods: This descriptive study included 468 Behvarzes. Data were collected by
using a researcher-made questionnaire that its validity and reliability had been
confirmed. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software, Pearson correlation
coefficient, Chi-square, analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis tests.
Results: Based on the results, mean age and SD of subjects were 30.4 and 5.26
years, respectively and the duration of their education was 6-9 years (64.99%). In
regard to knowledge, subjects gave correct answers to 71.8% of questions and
81.94% gained the score of attitude. The relation between knowledge and attitude
scores was 0.24 based on Pearson coefficient index. 39.4% of subjects had never
done Pap Smear and only 23.7% of them had done it twice or more. The
comparison of knowledge and attitude scores based on demographic
characteristics of subjects showed no significant difference. In regard to the
relation of knowledge and attitude scores with doing Pap Smear, there was
significant difference only for attitude (P<0.01) in a sense that mean of attitude
score of those who had done Pap Smear more than once (42.47%) was higher
than that of those who had done Pap Smear less.
Conclusion: Totally, Behvarzes have partially suitable attitude and knowledge
but poor practice toward Pap Smear.


Knowledge – Attitude - Kerman

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