Evaluation of health state and quality of life in primary school teachers of Shiraz, 2003

AUTHORS

Negin Hadi 1 , * , Leyla Malekmakan 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Associate Professor Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Scinces, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Community Medicine Specialist, Shiraz University of Medical Scinces, Shiraz, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (4); e90205
Published Online: July 05, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 07, 2005
Accepted: July 05, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “a state of
complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of
disease or infirmity“. Teachers as instructors of future hopes are considered
invaluable stratum of society. This survey was conducted to evaluate the health
state and quality of life in teachers of 4 territories of Shiraz primary schools.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, cases were selected by stratified random
sampling technique according to educational service location of teachers in 4
territories in Shiraz. Data gathering tool was a short form health status
questionnaire with 36 questions (SF36) which evaluated physical and mental
dimensions of health. By SPSS, t-test software, analysis of variance and
correlation coefficient tests were used for data analysis.
Results: 102 teachers (50 males, 52 females entered the survey. Results show that
teachers reported the physical health better than the mental one (P<0.05). Male
teachers assessed a better and higher level of general health (considering physical
health and limitations, sensation limitations and different dimensions of physical and
mental health) compared with female colleagues. Teachers with more years of
educational experiences had better mental state (P<0.05).
Conclusion: This study suggests to focus on weak points of mental, physical and
social aspects of health in teachers to promote their health. Decreased health in
various aspects can be ameliorated by changing working rules and regulations
which ultimately results in excelling students’ educational status.

Keywords

Schools - Quality of Life – Evaluation Studies – Shiraz

© 2007, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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