Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in women referred to Shiraz health centers, 2004

AUTHORS

Maryam Kasraeian 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Assistant professor, Department of Obstetric & Gynecology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 9 (1); e90305
Published Online: April 20, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 17, 2004
Accepted: April 20, 2005

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Abstract

Introduction: Gardnerella vaginalis (GV) or bacterial vaginosis is one of the
most microorganism agents of vaginitis. Malodorous vaginal discharge is the
most common symptom of this vaginitis. GV can be found in vagina of
asymptomatic women. Importance of this organism is for its complications during
pregnancy and non pregnancy and after gynecologic operations.
The purpose of this study is detection of the prevalence of GV infection in
married, healthy women in health centers of Shiraz city and relation between this
infection and symptoms in affected women.
Methods: In this prospective study, 182 women who referred to health centers
around Shiraz city for routine work-up, were selected randomly and samples
from vaginal discharge were sent for direct smear gram staining and culture
under standard condition and vaginal PH detection. Data analysis was made with
SPSS software.
Results: Laboratory methods could detect GV in 15.4% of women. The relation
between symptoms and approved GV infection was not significant.
Conclusion: Despite approved GV in 15.4% of women in this study, there was
not a relation between infected women and their symptoms. Asymptomatic
women can be an important source of complications during pregnancy, non
pregnancy and after gynecologic operation.

Keywords

Gardnerella Vaginalis – Women – Shiraz

© 2005, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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