Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration in patients referred to Bandar Abbas hospitals 2000-2004

AUTHORS

Seied Hesamaldin Banihashemi 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Assistant professor, Department of Surgery, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 9 (4); e90545
Published Online: December 24, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 22, 2005
Accepted: December 24, 2005

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Abstract

Introduction: Aspiration of foreign body can cause partial obstruction, secondary
inflammation or complete obstruction of tracheobronchial tree and sometimes
may lead to death. This study was aimed to investigate the main causes of foreign
body aspiration in patients referred to Bandar Abbas medical centers.
Methods: In this cross-sectional and analytic study, 134 patients with foreign
body aspiration, who referred to Bandar Abbas medical centers during 2000 to
2004, were investigated. After history taking, physical examination and
radiography, foreign body was removed and the information about foreign body,
personal characteristics of the patient, and etiology related to aspiration were
collected. Using SPSS statistical software, Chi-Square test as well as t-test was
used for statistical comparisons. P<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Rigid bronchoscopy for removal of foreign body in 131 of 134 patients
was successful. 53% of the patients were in 1-5 years age group. Findings
showed a significant relationship between age, sex, number of family member,
job and education of the parents (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Identification of high risk groups and conducting training programs
are effective methods for preventing foreign body aspiration. Its diagnosis
depends on history taking, physical examination and radiography. In the case of
foreign body aspiration suspicious, the best way of diagnosis and treatment seems
to be rigid bronchoscopy as soon as possible.

Keywords

Aspiration – Foreign Bodies – Bandar Abbas

© 2005, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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