The effect of education on knowledge and attitude of health teachers and its effect on students' practice about good nutrition, Zahedan, Iran


Farzaneh Montazerifar 1 , * , Mansour Karjibani 1 , Mehdi Mohammadi 2


1 Instructor, Departments of Nutrition, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Biostatistic, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 9 (4); e90562
Published Online: January 02, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 28, 2004
Accepted: January 02, 2006




Introduction: Increasing knowledge about nutrition and related educational
methods can affect on a proper and balanced nutrition in vulnerable groups,
especially students. It has an important role in achievement and promotion of
students’ health. The aim of this study is assessment of the effect of education on
knowledge and attitude of health teachers and its impact on students’ practice
about good nutrition.
Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 40 health teachers in Zahedan city and
all of the students of two girl’s secondary schools were divided to two case and
control groups. The health teachers filled up a questionnaire which contained
questions about their knowledge and attitude of proper nutrition before education.
The case group was then educated by formal lectures, focus group discussions
(FGD), and also question and answer methods. After education, the knowledge
and attitude of all teachers was evaluated again by means of a post-test procedure.
Then, the students’ practice about good nutrition was evaluated by means of a
questionnaire for the case students who were educated by their health teachers
and the control group without any education. Data were analyzed by SPSS
software and Chi-Square statistical test.
Results: The findings revealed that there was a significant correlation between
knowledge and attitude before and after education (P<0.001, P<0.04). Attitude
was positive (82.8%) in older health teachers in comparison with the younger
ones (33%). Age and job experience had significant impact on knowledge of
health teachers. On the basis of our findings in case students, a significant
difference in their practice, before and after education, was observed (P<0.001),
but this difference was not significant in the control group.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that intervention in education
system has positive impact on pattern of nutrition and continuing education has
significant effect on knowledge and attitude of teachers as well as students.


Nutrition – Nutrition Policy - Knowledge – Attitude – Zahedan

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