Myopia prevalence in high educated and illiterate people, Shiraz, Iran

AUTHORS

Majid Farvardin 1 , * , Mohammadreza Razaghinejad 2 , Sayed Ali Banihashemi 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 9 (4); e90565
Published Online: August 31, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 13, 2005
Accepted: August 31, 2005

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Abstract

Introduction: Myopia is the most common eye disorder in the world. Multiple
factors such as genetics, diet and near work activity have been cited as causative
factors. In this study the effect of literacy on myopia is evaluated.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, refractive error was checked by
performing cycloplegic refraction on 212 persons of 21-24 years old in Shiraz,
Iran. Ninety nine cases were illiterate (51 women and 48 men) and 113 were
highly educated (60 women and 53 men). Spherical equivalent less than -0.50
diopter was considered as myopia. Data analysis was done by SPSS version 11.5
and use of Chi-Square test.
Results: Age and sex differences were not significant in illiterate and educated
groups. In the highly educated group 46.7% of women and 37.7% of men and in
the illiterate group 21.6% of women and 0.5% of men had myopia in both eyes.
Myopia was much more common in highly educated persons than in illiterate
persons (P<0.001). No difference was seen in the prevalence of myopia between
the highly educated men and women. In the illiterate group myopia was more prevalent
in women than the men (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Myopia is much more common in highly educated persons than
illiterate ones. Higher prevalence of myopia in the illiterate women in comparison
with the illiterate men may be related to near work activities of housekeeping.

Keywords

Myopia – Education – Refractive Errors

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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