Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women referred to Shariati hospital in Bandar Abbas, Iran

AUTHORS

Zahra Khademi 1 , * , Arefeh Shahi 2 , Gholamreza Farshidfar 3 , Shahram Zare 4 , Farideh Vaziri 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Departments of Nursing, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Midwifery, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Biochemistry, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 Community Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 8 (1); e90594
Published Online: February 04, 2004
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 06, 2003
Accepted: February 04, 2004

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Abstract

Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia is the most known form of nutritional
deficiency in the world. It particularly occurs in women during their fertility age.
The current researches indicate that maternal iron deficiency anemia is associated
with preterm delivery and low birth weight. This study was conducted to estimate
the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women who referred to Dr.
Shariati hospital in Bandar Abbas.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 401 pregnant women were
randomly selected. Hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum iron, serum ferritin, and red
blood cell morphology of the patients were investigated and less than 11 gr/dl
hemoglobin was considered anemia. For statistical analysis of the data, chisquare,
t-test and logistic regression were used and p<0.05 was considered
significant.
Results: The results indicated that prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency
anemia among subjects were 17.5% and 13%, respectively. The risk of iron
deficiency anemia was 3.07 for those women who had pica during their
pregnancy (p<0.001) and it was 2.19 for those women who had premature
delivery (p<0.001). Based on the results, there was a significant relationship
between iron deficiency and the number of bleeding days during menstruation
(p<0.05).
Conclusion: Iron deficiency anemia is a preventable disease and pregnant women
are highly at risk of the disease. It seems that more preventive programs and
pregnancy care can reduce the risk of the disease.

Keywords

Anemia Iron Deficiency – Pregnancy – Bandar Abbas

© 2004, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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