Health literacy and health-promoting behaviors status among employees in Hamadan

AUTHORS

Sahar Khoshravesh 1 , Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai 2 , Zahra Taheri-Kharameh 3 , Babak Moeini 4 , * , Khadijeh Bandehelahi 3

1 Student Research Committee,Hamadan University of Medical Sciences,Hamadan,Iran

2 Department of Public Health,School of Public Health,Hamadan University of Medical Sciences,Hamadan,Iran.

3 Student Research Committee,Hamadan University of Medical Sciences,Hamadan,Iran.

4 Department of Public Health,School of Public Health,Social Determinants of Helath Research Center,Hamadan University of Medical Sciences,Hamadan,Iran.

How to Cite: Khoshravesh S , Rezapur-Shahkolai F , Taheri-Kharameh Z , Moeini B , Bandehelahi K . Health literacy and health-promoting behaviors status among employees in Hamadan, Hormozgan Med J. 2018 ; 22(2):e87230. doi: 10.29252/hmj.22.2.122.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 22 (2); e87230
Published Online: July 28, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 16, 2018
Accepted: July 28, 2018
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Abstract

Introduction: Health literacy is considered one of the main determinants of healthpromoting
behaviors. The aim of this study was to determine the health literacy of
employees of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences and its relation with health
promotion behaviors.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. By stratified sampling,
the study recruited 188 employees of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences from
seven colleges. Ttwo self-administered questionnaires, namely, the Health Literacy for
Iranian Adults (HELIA) and the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II.) were
used for data gathering the data were analyzed through descriptive statistics for
describing data and to assess the relationship between variables multivariate linear
regressions was used. In all the tests, P-value<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The employees had a mean age of 36.84 years (SD = 6.32). The majority of the
participants were female (71%), and most acquire information related to health via the
Internet (74.5%). Moreover, results showed a significant relationship between health
literacy and health-promoting behaviors (F=7.22, P<0.001). Health literacy also exerted
a significant effect on interpersonal communication (P<0.1), nutrition (P<0.05), and
responsibility toward health (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Based on results, health literacy and health-promoting behaviors among
the employees were undesirable and inadequate levels. Also, health literacy had the
positive relationship on nutritional behavior, interpersonal communication, and
responsibility toward health. It seems that it is necessary to pay special attention to
these issues in the training programs for health promotion of employees in order to
increase the efficiency in their performance.

Keywords

Health Literacy Health Promotion Health Behaviors Employees

© 2018, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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