The comparison of clinical signs presentation in middle age men and women with myocardial infarction

AUTHORS

Hossein Sharafi 1 , Zahra Moshtaghe Eshgh 2 , Mohammad Zare 3 , Qasem Sobhani 4 , Fatima Rezaei 5 , *

1 MSc,Operation Room,Islamic Azad University,Medical Barnch of Tehran,Tehran,Iran

2 MSc,Operation Room,Islamic Azad University,Medical Barnch of Tehran,Tehran,Iran.

3 PhD in Epidemiology,Islamic Azad University,Medical Branch of Tehran,Tehran,Iran.

4 Anesthesiology,Critical Care and Pain Management Research Center,Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences,Bandar Abbas,Iran.

5 Cardiovascular Research Center,Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences,Bandar Abbass,Iran.

How to Cite: Sharafi H , Moshtaghe Eshgh Z , Zare M , Sobhani Q , Rezaei F . The comparison of clinical signs presentation in middle age men and women with myocardial infarction, Hormozgan Med J. 2017 ; 21(2):e87277. doi: 10.29252/hmj.21.2.96.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 21 (2); e87277
Published Online: August 12, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 22, 2017
Accepted: August 12, 2017
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Abstract

Introduction: Acute myocardial infarction (MI) indicates irreversible myocardial injury
resulting in necrosis of a significant portion of myocardium. MI is associated with high
mortality. The difference between the signs of MI in each gender is unclear. The aim of
this study was to describe gender-associated differences in symptom presentation after
acute MI.
Methods: This analytic-descriptive research was carried out on 102 patients (44 women
and 58 men) with MI experience who referring in Shahid Mohamadi hospital and
Abolfazl hospital, Hormozgan, Iran. Patients participating in the study were randomly
selected. Individual information; the pain characteristics records, electrocardiogram and
laboratory results, pain numerical rating scale, were collected.
Results: The results showed that chest pain was the most common initial symptom in
both men and women (92%) This is while sweating in men (74%) and dyspnea in women
(61.4) as the second reported sign. No gender-related differences in other symptoms such
as vomiting, nausea, dizziness, palpitations, pallor, epigastric pain, chills and weakness
were observed.
Conclusion: In this study in patients with MI, women had a worse-risk profile in
comparison to men. No significant gender-related differences in symptoms were
observed.

Keywords

Myocardial Infarction Symptom Middle Age Sex Characteristics

© 2017, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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