Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis among children 5-15 years-old in Bandar Abbas, South of Iran

AUTHORS

Ahmad Karimi 1 , Yaghoob Hamedi 1 , Shahram Zare 2 , Sekhavat Ameri 1 , Jebreil Shamseddin 1 , *

1 Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Karimi A, Hamedi Y, Zare S , Ameri S , Shamseddin J. Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis among children 5-15 years-old in Bandar Abbas, South of Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2017 ; 21(3):e87317. doi: 10.29252/hmj.21.3.153.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 21 (3); e87317
Published Online: October 30, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 02, 2017
Accepted: October 30, 2017
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Abstract

Introduction: Human Toxocariasis is a zoonotic helminthic infection caused by
migration of larval stage of Toxocara canis and Toxocara catti (T.canis and T.catti) that
mainly affects children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of anti-
Toxocara antibody IgG in serums of 5-15-years-old children referred to Bandar Abbas
and rural parts of nearby health centers. Along with Antibody detection, complete blood
count (CBC) performed for hallmark of migratory parasites, eosinophil cells.
Methods: This study was designed to detect the anti-Toxocara antibodies in children in
Bandar Abbas, Iran. In this study, ELISA (IBL kit), method on serum of 5-15 years old
children who had already been examined by physicians to record signs and symptoms
relevant to Toxocariasis was performed.
Results: The frequency of anti-Toxocara antibody was 0.9%9 (6.650 cases) with no
significant gender differences. Eosinophilia (blood eosinophil count higher than 600/mm3)
was significantly related to the presence of a positive ELISA results.
Conclusion: Bandar Abbas has a warm and humid tropical climate. Transmission of
zoonotic parasite can be halted or diminished in these conditions. Low frequency of
infected cases and rare positive serology results, along with other studies in other tropical
regions confirm the effects of environmental conditions on parasite life cycle.

Keywords

Toxocara Canis Toxocariasis Toxocara Infection Visceral Larva Migrans

© 2017, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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