Relationship of family functioning, satisfaction of basic psychological needs and depression considering the mediatory role of emotion regulation difficulty

AUTHORS

Behzad Shalchi 1 , Masoumeh Esmaeili Shahna 1 , *

1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educationa l Sciences & Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran

How to Cite: Shalchi B, Esmaeili Shahna M . Relationship of family functioning, satisfaction of basic psychological needs and depression considering the mediatory role of emotion regulation difficulty, Hormozgan Med J. 2018 ; 22(1):e87336. doi: 10.29252/hmj.22.1.52.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 22 (1); e87336
Published Online: March 07, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 06, 2017
Accepted: March 07, 2018
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Abstract

Introduction: Depression is considered as a disorder that students have a susceptible environment for it and is affected by many factors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the role of satisfaction of basic psychological needs and family functioning by interdisciplinary role of emotion regulation difficulty in the prediction of depression.
Methods: The method used in the study is descriptive approach by structural equation modeling. The sample consisted of 452 (207 boys and 245 girls) students universities Tabriz who were selected using multistage cluster sampling. Then, they filled out depression Questionnaire, satisfaction of basic psychological needs, family Assessment Device and Difficulties in Emotional Regulation Scale. Data were analyzed by using Pearson correlation coefficient, cronbach alpha and structural equation modeling.
Results: The results of the study showed that the goodness of fit index (GFI), adjusted goodness of fit index (AGFI), comparative fit index (CFI), is greater than 0.90 and root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), and root mean square residual (RMR) index is less than 0.05. Therefore, the proposed model has had a very suitable fitness with data. In this study, the most direct effect is the satisfaction of basic psychological needs on depression with a coefficient of -0.38 and satisfaction of basic psychological needs has the most indirect effect through emotion regulation difficulty on depression with a coefficient of -0.12.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, it can be concluded that Difficulties in Emotional Regulation As a Mediator of the Relationship between satisfaction of basic psychological needs and family function can explain depression in College Students and, thereby, attention to this matter can lead to the proposal of some recommendations for depression in College Students prevention and treatment.

Keywords

Psychological Disorder Emotional Regulation Depression

© 2018, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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