Malaria Elimination Program: Absence of asymptomatic malaria and low parasitic in endemic area of Rudan district, Hormozgan Province, Iran

AUTHORS

Habibollah Turki 1 , Golsoom Rashid 2 , Mohammad Shekari 3 , Ahmad Raeisi 4 , Khojasteh Sharifi-Sarasiabi 3 , *

1 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Molecular Medicine Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 National Programme Manager for Malaria Control, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Turki H , Rashid G , Shekari M, Raeisi A , Sharifi-Sarasiabi K. Malaria Elimination Program: Absence of asymptomatic malaria and low parasitic in endemic area of Rudan district, Hormozgan Province, Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2017 ; 21(4):e87339. doi: 10.29252/hmj.21.4.225.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 21 (4); e87339
Published Online: January 01, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 18, 2017
Accepted: January 01, 2018
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Abstract

Introduction: Malaria is a major global public health problem and a leading cause of
morbidity and mortality in many countries. Malaria elimination is the common goal of
World Health Organization and the health system in Iran. Following a decline in malaria
cases in recent years, the malaria elimination program, technically supported by the
WHO, has initiated since 2009 in Iran. In order to successfully implement a malaria
elimination program, all positive cases particularly low parasitemia and asymptomatic
cases are required to be detected. The main objective of this study was to identify
asymptomatic malaria infection in a low transmission area in Rudan district, Hormozgan
Province, southern Iran.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study a total of 200 blood samples were randomly
collected from symptomless residents of Rudan to evaluate Plasmodium infection rate
where microscope, RDT and nested-PCR techniques were used.
Results: According to the analysis of microscopic methods, RDT and Nested-PCR, no
asymptomatic cases were seen among the participants.
Conclusion: The results of this investigation reveal that Malaria Elimination Program is
administrable in Rudan district irrespective of low-parasitemia and asymptomatic cases.

Keywords

Asymptomatic Malaria Malaria Elimination Plasmodium

© 2017, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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