Prediction of post traumatic growth based on social support, coping styles and optimism in patients with Brain Tumor

AUTHORS

Masoumeh Hashemi 1 , Kobra Haji Alizadeh 2 , *

1 MSc Student, Department of Clinical Psychology, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Hashemi M , Haji Alizadeh K . Prediction of post traumatic growth based on social support, coping styles and optimism in patients with Brain Tumor, Hormozgan Med J. 2017 ; 21(4):e87354. doi: 10.29252/hmj.21.4.260.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 21 (4); e87354
Published Online: January 01, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 18, 2017
Accepted: January 01, 2018
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Abstract

Introduction: Brain tumorr is a deadly disease but patients can have positive growth
psychologically. It is important to find factors that lead psychological growth of patients.
Therefore, this study was aimed to predict the post traumatic growth based on social
support, coping styles and optimism in patients with brain tumor.
Methods: In this correlational and descriptive study, the statistical population included all
patients with brain tumor who referred to the hospitals of Bandar Abbas in 2015, 200
patients were selected through convenience sampling method. Posttraumatic Growth
Inventory (PTGI), Social Support Inventory (SSA), Ways of Coping Questionnaire
(WOCQ) and Life Orientation Test (LOT) were used to gather data. For data analysis,
Pearson correlation and stepwise multivariate regression analyses were used to determine
the relationship between variables and examine the role of predictor variables and their
contribution in predicting the criterion variable. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.
Results: Pearson correlation results showed that there was a significant correlation
between social support, problem-based and emotion-focused coping strategies with posttraumatic
growth (P<0.05). But there wasn't a significant relationship between optimism
and post-traumatic growth. The results of stepwise regression analysis also showed that
social support and problem-based coping strategies explained 30.3% of posttraumatic
growth variance together, but emotion-focused coping strategies and optimism cannot
predict posttraumatic growth.
Conclusion: According to the findings it can be suggested that training and intervention
on improving patients' social support and coping strategies are effective way on increasing
posttraumatic growth and improving the psychological state.

Keywords

Post Traumatic Growth Social Support Optimism Brain tumor

© 2017, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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