Effect of educational interventions based on theory of planned behavior to promote breakfast consumption behavior in students

AUTHORS

Zahra Hosseini 1 , Teamur Aghamolaei 2 , * , Zabihallah Gharlipour Gharghani 3 , Amin Ghanbarnejad 4

1 PhD Student of Health Education, Research Center for Health Promotion , Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Professor Department of Health Education, Research Center for Health Promotion , Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.

4 Instrucror Department of Biostatistics, Research Center for Health Promotion, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Hosseini Z, Aghamolaei T , Gharlipour Gharghani Z , Ghanbarnejad A . Effect of educational interventions based on theory of planned behavior to promote breakfast consumption behavior in students, Hormozgan Med J. 2015 ; 19(1):e87421.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 19 (1); e87421
Published Online: August 06, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 02, 2013
Accepted: August 06, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Frequency of breakfast consumption has declined in the last half century.
This meal is ignored by children and adolescents. This study was aimed at determining the
effect of a training program based on theory of planned behavior on promotion of
breakfast consumption in students.
Methods: This interventional quasi-experimental study was carried out in Bandar Abbas
in 2011 on 88 middle-school students who were selected through the multistage clustersampling
method. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire, designed based on
the structured theory of planned behavior, whose validity and reliability were determined
in the pilot study. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS 18 through linear
regression, t-test, paired t-test, Wilcoxon, and Mann-Whitney tests.
Results: After the completion of the training program, perceived behavioral control and
intention of having breakfast were increased in the intervention group, and the change was
significant based on Wilcoxon test (P=0.000).
Conclusion: According to the results, instructional strategies based on theory of planned
behavior should be taken into account in order to increase intention toward and
consumption of breakfast by students. Considering the subjective norms encouraging
students to have breakfast especially in peer groups and parents can be helpful in
designing educational programs.

Keywords

Adolescents – School - Breakfast

© 2015, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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