Quality of life in patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis


Behnaz Khoshnood 1 , Farhad Handjani 2 , * , Hamid Goodarzi 2 , MaryamSadat Sadati 2

1 International Branch of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Shiraz Un iversity of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Molecular Dermatology Research Center Department of Dermatology , Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

How to Cite: Khoshnood B , Handjani F , Goodarzi H , Sadati M . Quality of life in patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis, Hormozgan Med J. 2016 ; 20(5):e87438.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 20 (5); e87438
Published Online: February 01, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 18, 2017
Accepted: February 01, 2017




Introduction: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is characterized by papules, nodules or ulcers that most often leave permanent scars in exposed areas of body. This condition can have a severe effect on the quality of life in these patients. This study aims to examine the quality of life in patients with CL.

Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated 120 patients (52 males and 67 females) between 16 to 80 years of age, with CL at Shiraz Valfajr health center, Shiraz, Iran. The Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire was used for measuring the quality of life. Data on demographics and characteristics of the lesions were also collected.

Results: The mean DLQI score was 11.7 with SD=7.15. The highest effect was observed in the realm of feelings, such as nervousness and feeling ashamed while the lowest effect was seen in the sexual relationship of patients. There was a significant difference in DLQI scores in patients with a high number of ulcerated lesions, especially if the ulcers or scars were on the face, than in other cases. Based on DLQI scores, lower quality of life was seen in CL patients. However, there was no significant difference in DLQI scores between men and women. In addition, no significant difference in DLQI scores were detected between other independent variables that were evaluated in this study.

Conclusion: Cutaneous leishmaniasis significantly affects the quality of life in these patients.


Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Dermatology Quality of Life

© 2016, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.



  • 1.

    Refrences are included in the PDF.