Effect of rodents' management plan on controlling cutaneous leishmaniasis in endemic centers of Qom province in 2012

AUTHORS

Fatemeh Rezaei 1 , Abedin Saghafipour 2 , * , Yavar Rassi 3 , Mohammad Reza Abai 4

1 MSc of Epidemiology, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran.

2 MSc of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.

3 Profesor Department of Medical Entomology and Vector control, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Rezaei F , Saghafipour A , Rassi Y , Abai M R . Effect of rodents' management plan on controlling cutaneous leishmaniasis in endemic centers of Qom province in 2012, Hormozgan Med J. 2015 ; 19(3):e87552.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 19 (3); e87552
Published Online: May 18, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 19, 2013
Accepted: May 18, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is considered as a public health condition
in many tropical and sub-tropical areas like Iran. Qom Province is considered as a center
for CL in Iran. This study aimed at determining the effect of rodents’ management control
in controlling the disease incidence in the endemic centers of Qom Province in 2012.
Methods: The first part of the study is a descriptive and cross-sectional study deals with
rodents found in the villages of the central part of Qom Province. The second part of the
study deals with the rodents’ management operation which was carried out as a quasiexperimental
study through four phases in all mentioned villages including 12 villages with
11061 people. SPSS, Chi-Squared and Mann-Whitney tests were used for analyzing data.
Results: Out of 46 hunted small mammals, 31 (67.4%) rodents were Meriones libycus, 8
(17.4%) rodents were Allactaga elater, 4 (8.7%) rodents were Mus musculus, 2 (4.35)
rodents were Nesokia indica, and 1 (2.7%) rodent was Hemiechinus auritus. The disease
incidence rate before intervention (2011) was 17.9 cases per 100,000 people which it was
decreased to 11.2 cases per 100,000 people after intervention (2012). The decreased
incidence of CL in the region controlled by rodents' management plan was significant
(P<0.001). Most rodents were hunted during summer and fall seasons. There was no
significant difference between year before intervention and the year after intervention in
terms of gender and age (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that rodents’ management plan can play a key role in
controlling CL incidence rate. Thus, it is recommended that people, who live in the areas
where the plan is implemented, are invited to participate in the relevant training courses.

Keywords

Cutaneous Lishmaniasis – Incideuce - Qom

© 2015, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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