Effect of Non-Nutritional Sucking on the Growth of Premature Infants Admitted To Shariati and Children Hospitals in Bandar Abbas

AUTHORS

Rakhshaneh Goodarzi 1 , Somayeh Shakiba 2 , * , Behnaz Khamesan 3 , Shahram Zare 4

1 Assistant Professor Department of Pediatric, Children Clinical Research Developments Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Pediatrician, Children Clinical Research Developments Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Pediatrician2, Children Clinical Research Developments Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 Professor Department of Community Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Goodarzi R, Shakiba S , Khamesan B, Zare S . Effect of Non-Nutritional Sucking on the Growth of Premature Infants Admitted To Shariati and Children Hospitals in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan Med J. 2015 ; 19(4):e87555.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 19 (4); e87555
Published Online: November 29, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 21, 2013
Accepted: November 29, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Premature infants are born prior to the development of cardiovascular,
respiratory, muscular, and central nervous systems. A significant number of these infants
experience oral feeding problems. In this study, we investigated the effects of empty
breast and pacifier sucking on the growth of preterm infants in Children and Shariati
Hospitals of Bandar Abbas.
Methods: In this clinical trial, a total of 69 children were selected through the convenience
sampling method and randomly divided into three groups. The first and second groups
received oral stimulation with mothers’ breast and pacifier, respectively, twice a day
(morning and evening) each lasting 15 minutes. A third group was selected as the control
group with no intervention. Head circumference and weight were measured on a weekly
and a daily basis, respectively, by one person. The length of stay and the number of days to
start oral feeding with a syringe and then breast were also evaluated. The data were analyzed
with SPSS 16 through descriptive methods and statistical tests and P<0.05 was considered
significant.
Results: Of the 69 infants enrolled in the study, 4 children did not complete it due to
deterioration of conditions. After matching of the 3 groups, the number of days elapsed to
syringe feeding was 14.5, 16.5, and 12.2 days in the first, second, and third groups,
respectively, with no statistically significant difference between them. The number of days
elapsed to breast feeding was averagely 21.7, 22, and 20 days in the first, second, and
third groups, respectively, with no statistically significant difference between them.
Conclusion: The results indicated that non-nutritional sucking through mother’s breast
and pacifier does not affect the growth of premature infants.

Keywords

Sucking – Growth – Bandar Abbas

© 2015, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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