Comparison of Emotion Regulation Dimensions and Attachment Styles between People with Somatization Disorder and Normal Individuals

AUTHORS

Farshad Sheybani Noghabi 1 , Aliasghar Ashgharnejad 2 , * , Faheimeh Fathali Lavasani 2 , Ahmadali Noorbala 3

1 PhD in Clinical Psychology, Iran University of Medical Scinensec.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Clinical Psychology, Iran University of Medical Scinensec.

3 Associate Professor Department of Clinical Psychology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Sheybani Noghabi F, Ashgharnejad A, Fathali Lavasani F, Noorbala A. Comparison of Emotion Regulation Dimensions and Attachment Styles between People with Somatization Disorder and Normal Individuals, Hormozgan Med J. 2015 ; 19(4):e87561.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 19 (4); e87561
Published Online: June 02, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 18, 2013
Accepted: June 02, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Several studies have shown the relationship between emotion regulation
and different mental disorders, so that difficulty in emotion regulation, as a key component,
has been proposed in several psychopathology models of different mental disorders. On the
other hand, high scores in insecure attachment styles are correlated to a variety of
psychological problems and disorders. Given limited research in the field of these two
variables in somatization patients, the present study investigated these variables in patients
with somatization and normal people.
Methods: In the context of a causal-comparative study, 30 patients with somatization
disorder and 30 normal persons responded to Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and
Hazan and Shaver attachment styles questionnaire. The data were analyzed using
independent t-test.
Results: The results indicated a significant difference between patients with somatization
disorder and normal individuals in terms of emotion regulation (reappraisal: pvalue=0.007;
suppression: pvalue<0.001). Various dimensions of attachment styles had significant
differences in the two study groups (secure attachment style: pvalue<0.001; avoidant
attachment style: pvalue<0.001; ambivalent attachment style: pvalue<0.001).
Conclusion: Somatizing patients suppress their emotions more than normal people and use
less reappraisal. They also have more avoidant and ambivalent attachment styles than secure
attachment style.

Keywords

Somatization Disorder - Emotion Regulation - Attachment Style

© 2015, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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