Quality of Life of Pregnant Women in Bandar Abbas

AUTHORS

Fatemeh Zare 1 , Teamur Aghamolaei 2 , * , Amin Ghanbarnejad 3 , Hamzeh Zarei 4 , Ali Asadian 1 , Sakineh Dadipoor 1

1 MSc Student of Health Education, Social Factors in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas.

2 Associate Professor Department of Health Education, Social Factors in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas.

3 Instructor Department of Biostatistics, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas.

4 MSc Student of Environmental Management, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan Branch, Zahedan, Iran.

How to Cite: Zare F, Aghamolaei T, Ghanbarnejad A , Zarei H, Asadian A, et al. Quality of Life of Pregnant Women in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan Med J. 2015 ; 19(4):e87582.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 19 (4); e87582
Published Online: December 10, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 04, 2013
Accepted: December 10, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Many biological, chemical, physiological, and anatomical changes occur
during pregnancy in women’s body. These changes make them vulnerable both physically
and mentally. The present study examined the quality of life of pregnant women and factors
associated with it.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 400 pregnant women
referred to health centers and clinics of Obstetricians and Gynecologists in 2012 in the city
of Bandar Abbas. The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used to collect the data,
which were analyzed with SPSS 16.
Results: The mean score for quality of life in pregnant women was 58.2±14.89. Based on
the results, among the 8 dimensions of quality of life, mental health and social functioning
had the highest mean scores of 71.11 and 69.28 and physical problems and psychological
problems had the lowest scores of 32.49 and 48.78, respectively. There was significant
differences in terms of mean score of quality of life between different age groups
(pvalue=0.032), different degrees of satisfaction with the economic situation
(pvalue<0.0001), as well as varying degrees of satisfaction with the cooperation and
participation of spouse in household chores (pvalue=0.002), while no statistical significance
was observed in other cases.
Conclusion: Our data suggest that the quality of life of pregnant women is low due to the
influence of certain factors on the dimensions of quality of life. Therefore, quality of life
during pregnancy can be promoted by considering these variables and planning to reduce
their impact.

Keywords

Quality of Life - Pregnant Women - Bandar Abbas

© 2015, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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