Effect of aquatic exercises on the motor performance and the quality of life in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis

AUTHORS

Maryam Malekzadeh 1 , * , Behnam Ghasemi 2 , Rahim Mirnasur 3

1 MSc of Physical Educatiuon and Sport Science, Islamic Azad University, Brojerd Branch, Brojerd, Iran.

2 Assisstant Professor Department of Sports Rehabilitation, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

3 ssisstant Professor Department of Sports Rehabilitation, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran.

How to Cite: Malekzadeh M, Ghasemi B, Mirnasur R. Effect of aquatic exercises on the motor performance and the quality of life in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 18(3):e87760.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (3); e87760
Published Online: March 15, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 20, 2013
Accepted: March 15, 2014

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Introduction: The advantages of participating in physical activities are so well proved that many statements recommend them in preventing chronic diseases such as osteoarthritis. Training methods that are used to treat this condition is aquatic exercise. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aquatic exercises on the motor performance and quality of life in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis.
Methods: 22 women with knee osteoarthritis with mean age 35-55 (years) were equally randomly assigned to one of two groups: experimental or control groups the world-known knee injuries and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score questionnaire was used for data collection. Aquatic exercises were carried out under the supervision of a aquatic expert three sessions a week for 8 weeks, each session lasting 60 minutes. Patients in the control group continued their normal daily living activities. Data were statistically analyzed via ANOVA. Results: Results showed significant mean differences of performance comparing pre- (40.56±10.23) and post- (71.81±10.94) intervention conditions in the experimental group, while mean differences between pre- (46.20±15.04) and post- (45.71±15.41) tests was not significant in control group. The mean differences of quality of life regarding pre- (63.89±7.10) and post- (75±5.68) intervention evaluations was significant in experimental group (P<0.05), but there was no significant mean differences between pre- (65.97±6.6) and post- (64.81±6.69) tests in control group.
Conclusion: The results showed that aquatic exercises, as a safe and effective exercise method, should be incorporated in rehabilitation programs to improve the motor functions and quality of life of elderly females with knee osteoarthritis.

Keywords

Osteoarthritis – Knee - Exercises

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

References

  • 1.

    References are included in the PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: