Knowledge and Practice of the students in Tabriz about iron deficiency and iron supplementation

AUTHORS

Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandaei 1 , Fahimeh SehhatieShafaei 2 , Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani 3 , Roghayeh Salmani 4 , *

1 Assistant Professor Department of Midwifery, Student Reserch Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Instructor Departmet of Midwifery, Student Reserch Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Associate Professor Department of Nutrition, Nutrition Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

4 MSc of Midwifery, Student Reserch Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

How to Cite: Mohammad Alizadeh Charandaei S, SehhatieShafaei F, Ebrahimi-Mameghani M, Salmani R. Knowledge and Practice of the students in Tabriz about iron deficiency and iron supplementation, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 18(3):e87786.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 18 (3); e87786
Published Online: March 15, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 18, 2013
Accepted: March 15, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Iron supplements, is the most cost effective and common strategy used in
developed countries for the control of iron deficiency. Weekly iron supplementation
programs in high schools and middle schools for girls in 2006, has been carried out. This
study aimed to determine the status and practice of female students about iron deficiency and
iron supplementation and its relation to personal and social factors.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study in 2012, 920 pupils from 10 schools were
questioned. The questionnaire included demographic information and questions about
knowledge and practice. School choice as a quota of five school districts in Tabriz took
place. Collected data was analysed by SPSS 13, using inferential statistics methods.
Results: The mean (SD) scores of students was 52.4 (13) and practice score was 63.4
(11.3), respectively. 61.6% of the students stated that they "often or always" use tablet
distribution. 8% of the sample stated that they had "never" iron distribution in their schools.
The most common reason for not taking the tablets was expressed color and taste of the
tablets.
Conclusion: For better and more effective implementation of iron supplementation
programs in schools, iron supplementation and nutrition education classes for students or
their mothers and distribution of quality iron tablets are required.

Keywords

Knowledge – Practice - Iron Deficiency

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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