Assessment of nutritional status, dietary habits and physical activity of adolescents in Bandar Abbas, Iran

AUTHORS

Asiyeh Pormehr Yabandeh 1 , Abdol Azim Nejatizadeh 2 , Homeyra Hamayeli Mehrabani 3 , * , Fatemeh Dabiri 1 , Azita Kamjoo 1 , Arefeh Shahi 1 , Foziyeh Rafat 4

1 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Associate Professor Department of Genetics, Genetics Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Nutrition, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.

4 Instructor Department of Nursing, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran.

How to Cite: Pormehr Yabandeh A, Nejatizadeh A A, Hamayeli Mehrabani H, Dabiri F, Kamjoo A, et al. Assessment of nutritional status, dietary habits and physical activity of adolescents in Bandar Abbas, Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 17(6):e88249.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 17 (6); e88249
Published Online: June 06, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 09, 2013
Accepted: June 06, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Formation of certain food patterns are affected by food habits in childhood
and adolescence period, which would be the indicator of adequate nutrients intakes for
growth, development and health in future. The aim of this study was to assess weight and
physical activity status and determine food habits in high school students.
Methods: In this study cross sectional study, 800 students who studied in public high
school of Bandar Abbas were selected by a stratified randomized sampling. Demographic
data and physical activity questionnaire were completed, height and weight were measured
by a standard method using stadiometer and weighing scale, BMI (Body Mass Index) was
calculated and compared by CDC 2000 growth chart curves.
Results: Mean age of boys and girls were 16.1±1 and 15.6±0.9 years, respectively.
Overall prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity were 10.1% and 14.5%,
respectively. Leisure time physical activity and TV watching were significantly different
between two genders (P<0.05). Weight, height and BMI were higher in boys than girls.
Most adolescents consumed lunch and mid-morning snack frequently. Frequency in
consumption of dairies, fruits and vegetables were significantly lower than the recommended
amount in food guide pyramid. Ice cream, egg, potato, and bread were the most consumed
food items between the food items of dairy, meats, vegetable and grains groups,
respectively. There was not any relation between parents' education level and students'
physical activity or fruits and vegetables consumption
Conclusion: It seems necessary to modify nutrition patterns by education and use programs
for intervention in the patterns of physical activities in high school students.

Keywords

Nutritional Status - Adolescent – Body Mass Index

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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