Candida patients in a Jorjani center in Shahid Mohammadi Hospital of carotid Doppler sonnograghy findings in coronary artery Bypas grafting Bandar Abbas

AUTHORS

Hossein Montazerghaem 1 , *

1 Assisstant Professor Department of Surgery, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Banmdar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Montazerghaem H. Candida patients in a Jorjani center in Shahid Mohammadi Hospital of carotid Doppler sonnograghy findings in coronary artery Bypas grafting Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan Med J. 2014 ; 17(6):e88256.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 17 (6); e88256
Published Online: September 24, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 08, 2013
Accepted: September 24, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Nowadays caotid Dopplers sonography is gold standard for carotid artery
screening in coronary aetery bypass grafting (CABG) candidates. This study was carried out in
an angioplasty center in southern seaport in Iran to assesss theprevalence of artery stenosis and
correlation of the atherosclerosis risk factor with the rate of artery stensis, and nence to define
the high risk groups.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 486 candidates of CABG.
A Doppler sonography of carotid artery was performed before the procedure. Morphology of
carotid arteries, carotid artery stensis risk factors such as age, gender, previous history of
diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, auscultation of bruits on arteries were
recorded in a questionnaire. The data were analyzed with SPSS 16, using descriptive statistics,
and Chi square. P-value less than 0.05 was considered years statistically significant.
Results: Age range of the patients was (35-87) with a mean age of (52.7±10.3). 21 patients
(403%) had a positive history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and transient ischemic
attack (TIA). On physical examination 31 patients (6.3%) had bruits on carotid arteries.
Doppler sonography was normal in 252 (51.8%) patients. 96 patients (19.7%) had a mild
stenosis (less than 50% stenosis), 117 patients (24.2%) had moderate (50-70%) stenosis and
only 21 patients (4.3%) had server stenosis (more than 70%). Correlation between carotid
artery stenosis of more than 50% and risk factors such as previous CVA or TIA, diabetes,
hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cigarette smoking, age more than 60 years gender was not
statistiucally significant, but main stenosis of left coronary artery (LAD) in angiography was
significantly correlated with carotid artery stenosis (P=0.024), and so was the history of
previous myocardial infaction (P=0.002). Auscylation of bruit on carotid was also
significantly correlated with carotid atenosis of more 50% (P=0.033).
Conclusion: According to this study, performing routine dopplersonography of carotid
arteries prior to CABG in patients with significant LAD stenosis, previous history of MI, and
bruit on carotid. Because of large number of asymptomatic patients with carotid thichening,
preventive and therapeutic measures should be taken in order to descease cardiac mortality and
morbidity.

Keywords

Carotid Arteries – Coronary Artery Bypass - Mortality

© 2014, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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